The Problem with Inclusion in Peacemaking Theory and Practice

A relational approach to peacemaking is better equipped to address underlying social and political conditions that fuel conflict.

Awareness of the Specific Harm Caused by Nuclear Weapons Reduces Americans’ Support for Their Use

Vivid information about the consequences of a nuclear attack reduced Americans’ support for the use of nuclear weapons on both moral and self-interested grounds.

Racism as a Foundation of the Modern World

Race and racism, empire, and slavery are foundations of the European- and American-led contemporary world order, as demonstrated by the transatlantic slave trade, racist views held by Western philosophers, and the “standard of civilization” principle. 

Protecting Civilians or Protecting the State? The Role of the Pan-African Parliament in Conflict Resolution

The PAP played an impactful role in conflict resolution in Sudan, Côte d’Ivoire, Libya, and Somalia through its internal debates, fact-finding missions, convening of various stakeholders, meetings with diplomatic representations, and periodic communications. 

Why Do U.S. Congress Members Vote for Military Spending?

Legislators’ party affiliation and the demographics of their districts account for differences in the legislative vote on military spending.

Militarization of UN Peacekeeping in Mali

The militarization of MINUSMA was reinforced by a robust peacekeeping mandate, cooperation with counterterrorism operations, and significant involvement of NATO countries.

Los sistemas de paz existentes demuestran que las relaciones intergrupales e internacionales pacíficas son posibles

Las variables particulares relacionadas con la paz parecen más fuertes en los sistemas de paz que en los sistemas que no son de paz, lo que sugiere que, de hecho, hay características recurrentes que contribuyen a las relaciones pacíficas entre las sociedades.

Private Military and Security Companies Undermine Peacebuilding Efforts

The presence of private military and security companies promotes militarization in humanitarian spaces and undermines non-militarized approaches to security.

Threatened or Actual Harm Can Provoke an Adversary Rather Than Coerce Them

Instead of coercing or deterring them, the threat or use of military violence (or other harm) can actually make the adversary even more adamant about not backing down, provoking them to resist further or even retaliate.

Militarized Masculinities and the Legitimation of Violence

Despite the popularity of the “Canada-as-peacekeeper” image with the Canadian public, Canada’s military long had problems with it, feeling that it “emasculated” Canadian soldiers and therefore the country itself.

Gendered Security Harms in Nigeria’s Counterinsurgency Response

The overly simplistic understanding of gender in Nigeria’s National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security (WPS), along with the government’s failure to prioritize human rights in its security policy, together result in “gendered security harms.”