When people are excluded from government power or representation, they are more likely to resort to acts of terror to address or avenge their grievances.
Photo credit: Ben Schumin This analysis summarizes and reflects on the following research: Stephan, M. J. (2015). Civil Resistance vs. ISIS. Journal of Resistance Studies, 1(2), 127-150. Retrieved from http://resistance-journal.org/ Summary The Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham (ISIS) is a radical religious group possessing the tendencies of both a violent insurgency and … Read more
Individuals are more likely to choose nonviolent methods in response to the unacceptable consequences of violence done by their government.
Peacekeepers with the ability to enforce peace agreements are better able to build norms of trust and cooperation compared to the absence of peacekeepers.
An increase in manufacturing increases the likelihood of nonviolent campaigns. As countries continue to modernize, social conflict manifests nonviolently.