The War Prevention Initiative Team enjoyed participating in the 2018 Global PDX Conference. At a gathering, aimed at exploring the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, War Prevention Initiative Executive Director Patrick Hiller gave the opening keynote speech entitled: The humanitarian-development-peace nexus: multidimensional responses to multidimensional problems.
Recognizing the many positive opportunities, Hiller suggested that business as usual was not an option and that if we concentrate on helping and forget to criticize the root causes, we are to a certain degree legitimizing those.
The War Prevention Initiative gladly endorsed the “Back from the Brink” initiative.
In light of ongoing efforts to secure lasting peace and denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula, civil society groups and leaders from the Korea Peace Network sent this letter to President Trump to lay out concrete steps we believe the administration should take to advance the diplomatic process with North Korea.
President Donald Trump
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington, D.C. 20500
August 2, 2018
Re: Implementing the Joint Statement of the Singapore Summit
Dear Mr. President:
As concerned U.S. civil society groups and individuals working for peace, disarmament and development projects in Korea, we urge you to continue to pursue a “maximum engagement” policy with the DPRK (North Korea), and not return to the dangerous and counter-productive “maximum pressure” campaign that some misguided hardliners advocate.
First, we congratulate you for holding the historic U.S.-DPRK Summit with Chairman Kim Jong Un in Singapore on June 12 and thank you for your decision to suspend the large-scale U.S.-ROK joint war drills that have provoked North Korea for decades.
Unlike some critics, we are pleased with the Summit’s Joint Statement which provides an excellent framework to achieve both a peace regime and nuclear disarmament on the Korean Peninsula. In particular, we appreciate your commitment to establishing “new U.S.-DPRK relations,” building “a lasting and stable peace regime on the Korean Peninsula,” and providing “security guarantees to the DPRK” since such measures are essential to realizing a peaceful “denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.”
Unfortunately, recent news reports of official statements indicate that there was a serious misunderstanding between the U.S. and the DPRK regarding the process for achieving the Joint Statement’s main objectives. It seems that some U.S. officials expect the DPRK to achieve rapid, unilateral nuclear disarmament first, before the two sides have established a foundation of mutual trust and reciprocity, or before the U.S. has provided substantial “security guarantees to the DPRK” in return for its concessions. We believe this expectation is a critical mistake and may result in the U.S. repeating past failures to implement U.S.-DPRK agreements.
In the hope that the Joint Statement can be carried out successfully, we recommend that the U.S. take the following steps going forward:
1) Instead of insisting that the DPRK take major denuclearization steps from the start, initiate a series of confidence-building measures first, such as resuming the joint search and recovery operations for the U.S. soldiers’ remains in North Korea that were suspended by the U.S. in 2005; encouraging people-to-people exchanges by removing the draconian U.S. travel bans that not only prevent our people visiting North Korea but also North Koreans visiting the U.S.; removing the designation of DPRK as a state sponsor of terrorism; and lifting the U.S./UN economic sanctions that undermine the general health and welfare of the North Korean people. Recent news indicates that about 10 million people in North Korea “are undernourished” and that the current sanctions endanger the lives of vulnerable people by making it difficult for drugs and supplies, as well as donated funds, to be brought into the country.
2) Prioritize ending the existing state of war in Korea. In observance of the 65th anniversary of the signing of the Armistice Agreement in July 1953, organize a second major summit in 2018 to include leaders of the U.S., DPRK, ROK (South Korea), and China. The purpose of this summit would be to issue a Joint Declaration to finally end the Korean War by replacing the Armistice Agreement with a lasting Peace Treaty.
3) Appoint a Special Envoy to handle the negotiations for mutual nuclear disarmament on the Korean Peninsula, the normalization of U.S.-DPRK relations, and the Peace Treaty. Excellent candidates for a U.S. Special Envoy would include the distinguished former U.S. Ambassadors Donald Gregg, James Laney, and Kathleen Stephens, all of whom are experts on Korea affairs.
4) To provide the security assurances and expedite the desired denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, announce a new U.S. policy of “no first use of nuclear weapons” and “no first military strike” against the DPRK; remove all U.S. nuclear assets and personnel from the region, including Japan; and commence a gradual reduction of the 32,000 U.S. military personnel in South Korea.
5) Respect the Panmunjom Declaration for Peace, Prosperity and Unification of Korea adopted at the Inter-Korean Summit on April 27, 2018. The U.S. should encourage and support the reconciliation, mutual cooperation, and self-determination of the Korean people; and, as soon as possible, transfer the wartime U.S. military command and control of the ROK military back to the ROK Government.
We believe that these measures taken by the U.S. would lead to a high level of mutual trust and confidence so that the Joint Statement could be implemented successfully. We trust that you will continue to strive to establish a new chapter in U.S.-DPRK relations. There may be many bumps in the road ahead, but we are confident that you can overcome the obstacles by making progress step-by-step, with patience, and in good faith.
Please do not hesitate to contact the undersigned if you have any questions regarding our recommendations, or if we can be of a help to you in any way.
Civil Society Groups
Action for One Korea (CA)
Campaign for Peace, Disarmament and Common Security (MA)
Chicago Area Peace Action
Phyllis Bennis, Institute for Policy Studies – New Internationalism Project (DC)
Rev. Kilsang Yoon, President, Korean American National Coordinating Council (NY)
Judith Arnold, President, New Jersey Peace Action
Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (CA)
Peace Action Maine
Jim Anderson, President, Peace Action New York State
David Hartsough, Executive Director, Peaceworkers (CA)
PeaceWorks of Greater Brunswick (MA)
Earl Arnold, Co-Convener, Presbyterian Peace Network for Korea
Rev. Tong-Kyun Kim, The Least of These Church, NYC
Dr. Susan Henry-Crowe, General Secretary, General Board of Church and Society, The United Methodist Church
Terry Rockeller & Jackie Cabasso, National Co-conveners, United for Peace and Justice (NY)
U.S. Peace Council (CT)
Gerry Condon, President, Veterans For Peace (MO)
Veterans For Peace – Chapter 69 (San Francisco)
Veterans For Peace – Chapter 109 (Olympia, Washington)
Veterans For Peace – Chapter 162 (East Bay, CA)
Patrick Hiller, Executive Director, War Prevention Initiative (OR)
Jacqueline Cabasso, Executive Director, Western States Legal Foundation (CA)
Women Cross DMZ
Gwyn Kirk & Deborah Lee, Co-Chairs, Women for Genuine Security (CA)
World Beyond War
Individuals (in alphabetical order; organization is for identification only)
Medea Benjamin, Codepink
Rev. Dr. Ignacio Castuera, President, Religion-Online.org
Rev. We Hyun Chang, District Superintendent, Metro Boston Hope District, United Methodist Church
Noam Chomsky, Institute Professor Emeritus, MIT; Laureate Professor, University of Arizona
Aiyoung Choi, Women Cross DMZ
Marjorie Cohn, Prof. Emerita, Thomas Jefferson School of Law
Hassan El-Tayyab, Policy and Organizing Director, Chicago Area Peace Action
Joseph Essertier, Professor of English, Nagoya Institute of Technology
Rev. Dr. Heecheon Jeon, Conference Superintendent, Central District Iowa Annual Conference, United Methodist Church
Nan Kim, Women Cross DMZ, & Presbyterian Peace Network for Korea
Peter Kuznick, Professor of History and Director, Nuclear Studies Institute, American University
Rev. Gene Matthews, United Methodist Missionary to Korea, 1956-1997
Rev. Dr. George Ogle, United Methodist Missionary to Korea, 1954-1974
Dorothy Ogle, United Methodist Missionary to Korea, 1960-1975
Margo Okazawa-Rey, Barbara Lee Distinguished Chair in Women’s Leadership, Mills College; Professor Emerita, San Francisco University
Alice Slater, World Beyond War
Lawrence Wittner, Professor of History Emeritus, SUNY/Albany
Michael Wong, Veterans For Peace – Chapter 69 (San Francisco)
The Handbook of Research on Promoting Peace Through Practice, Academia, and the Arts (published September 2018) includes a chapter written by War Prevention Initiative team members David Prater and Patrick Hiller. It is titled Recognizing the Science of Peace to Build Positive Peace. Included in our chapter is original research and commentary highlighting the importance of often-overlooked theories and guiding principles from the academic field of peace and conflict research. We introduce readers to peace science, the discipline examining the causes of war and conditions for peace, and how it can help bridge the gap between peace movement moralism and pragmatism.
Inside the chapter, we discuss the research-practice communication gap as a strong impediment to making peace science relevant and useful. Communication barriers, the requirements of academic publishing, and the lack of public relevance for academia are also examined. Examples of often under-recognized peace research contributions are presented within the framework of the Global Peace System. In doing so, the potential and actual relevance of those research contributions to real-world peace and justice issues is emphasized. We argue for the necessity of peace researchers making conscious efforts to contribute to peacebuilding practices, public discourse and attempt to reach audiences beyond the academic community.
Prater, D. E., & Hiller, P. T. (2018). Recognizing the Science of Peace to Build Positive Peace. In M. W. Lutfy & C. Toffolo (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Promoting Peace Through Practice, Academia, and the Arts (pp. 19–42). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
Following the 2017 plenary presentation at the Latin American Peace Research Association Conference in Mexico, City, War Prevention Executive Director Patrick Hiller published his presentation “The 2016 US Presidential Elections and Beyond. Peace Education for Nonviolent Resistance” in a recently launched book. The book is entitled Risks, Violence, Security and Peace in Latin America, and contains analyses of social and environmental conflicts and peace processes in Latin America.
War Prevention Initiative Executive Director attended 2018 Peace and Security Funders Group (PSFG) Annual Meeting in Minneapolis, MN. This network of private, public and family foundations in the realm of peace and security gathers annually to discuss the latest trends and best practices in the field.
The Global Leadership Foundation (GLF) hosted its annual meeting in Bern, Switzerland in April of 2018.
“War Stories. Peace Stories. Peace, Conflict & The Media.” brought together journalists and peacebuilders in a one-day symposium in New York City on April 11,2018. The Jubitz Family Foundation was a proud sponsor of the event and War Prevention Initiative Executive Director Patrick Hiller participated in this launch of a powerful ongoing conversation on peace, conflict and the media.
Internationally acclaimed, best-selling author Sebastian Junger gave a keynote lecture.
War Prevention Initiative Executive Director Patrick Hiller attended the 2018 PeaceJam Northwest Conference with Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Shirin Ebadi in Eugene, Oregon (April 6, 2018). Addressing current events, Ebadi made a strong argument in favor of upholding the so-called Iran Nuclear Deal despite her critique of both the Iranian and U.S. governments respectively.